The theme of alienation in the

The events themselves may be very interesting, or exciting, but without the universal human connection, they will not engage our attention in any real way. You must want to or even need to explore that particular theme for you to keep writing.

The theme of alienation in the

Introduction

The term Expressionism was coined at the beginning of the 20th century to describe a style of painting that reacted violently against late 19th-century naturalism and Impressionism. Applied to the theatre, it represented a protest against the existing social order.

Initially it… Birth and development The roots of the German Expressionist school lay in the works of Vincent van GoghEdvard Munchand James Ensoreach of whom in the period — evolved a highly personal painting style.

These artists used the expressive possibilities of colour and line to explore dramatic and emotion-laden themes, to convey the qualities of fear, horror, and the grotesque, or simply to celebrate nature with hallucinatory intensity.

They broke away from the literal representation of nature in order to express more subjective outlooks or states of mind. These painters were in revolt against what they saw as the superficial naturalism of academic Impressionism.

They wanted to reinfuse German art with a spiritual vigour they felt it lacked, and they sought to do this through an elemental, primitive, highly personal and spontaneous expression. They were also aware of Neo-ImpressionismFauvismand other recent movements.

Courtesy of the Nolde-Foundation; photograph, Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlungen, Munich The German Expressionists soon developed a style notable for its harshness, boldness, and visual intensity.

The theme of alienation in the

They used jagged, distorted lines; crude, rapid brushwork; and jarring colours to depict urban street scenes and other contemporary subjects in crowded, agitated compositions notable for their instability and their emotionally charged atmosphere.

Many of their works express frustration, anxietydisgust, discontent, violence, and generally a sort of frenetic intensity of feeling in response to the ugliness, the crude banality, and the possibilities and contradictions that they discerned in modern life.

The theme of alienation in the

Woodcutswith their thick jagged lined and harsh tonal contrasts, were one of the favourite media of the German Expressionists. Oskar Kokoschka and Egon Schiele of Austria adopted their tortured brushwork and angular lines, and Georges Rouault and Chaim Soutine in France each developed painting styles marked by intense emotional expression and the violent distortion of figural subject matter.

In a private collection Expressionism was a dominant style in Germany in the years immediately following World War Iwhere it suited the postwar atmosphere of cynicismalienation, and disillusionment. As can be seen from such labels as Abstract Expressionism and Neo-Expressionismthe spontaneous, instinctive, and highly emotional qualities of Expressionism have been shared by several subsequent art movements in the 20th century.

Side of Beef, oil on canvas by Chaim Soutine, c. Expressionism in literature Expressionism in literature arose as a reaction against materialism, complacent bourgeois prosperity, rapid mechanization and urbanization, and the domination of the family within pre- World War I European society.

It was the dominant literary movement in Germany during and immediately after World War I. In forging a drama of social protest, Expressionist writers aimed to convey their ideas through a new style. Their concern was with general truths rather than with particular situations; hence, they explored in their plays the predicaments of representative symbolic types rather than of fully developed individualized characters.

Expressionist poetrywhich arose at the same time as its dramatic counterpart, was similarly nonreferential and sought an ecstatic, hymnlike lyricism that would have considerable associative power.

This condensed, stripped-down poetry, utilizing strings of nouns and a few adjectives and infinitive verbs, eliminated narrative and description to get at the essence of feeling.Many would associate alienation primarily with the 20th century and beyond, and indeed, the modernist movement, dated roughly from to , has as one of its central themes the idea that in the modern era, with its increased reliance on science and technology, and the gradual removal of the individual from rural community into urban .

Movie Theme Index (click on each theme below to find a list of movie scenes depicting that theme). Alienation has long been a popular theme in literature, but its rise to prominence came most sharply during the 20th century, as humans moved farther awa y from the world of nature and closer to.

The indigenous people of the world possess an immense knowledge of their environments, based on centuries of living close to nature.

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Living in and from the richness and variety of complex ecosystems, they have an understanding of the properties of plants and animals, the functioning of ecosystems and the techniques for using and managing them that is particular and often detailed. Gulliver's Travels: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.

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