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You do this by stating the author s and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma.
Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means Franklin, The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication.
Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: Where there are two authors, both names are included: Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al.
Some styles put et al. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon ; symbol: If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones.
What should you reference?
Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference.
However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant?
The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: Weber,cited in Hamilton, You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication.
Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ.
Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of them.
The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: McManus, a and McManus, b are two different works.Spaces will separate tags. Use quotes for multi-word tags.
There was once a day when nearly all content was written: physical books, magazine articles, glossy brochures, and the like.
Some marketers included recordings or videos in their arsenal of content, but for the most part, "content" implied "written.". Oxford Guide to English Grammar - University of Petra. Introduction. The origins of rabbinic Judaism are found in the many Judaisms that coexisted during the Second Temple period in the land of Israel, when biblical and co-biblical texts were edited and interpreted.
The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing is an anthology of scientific writings, arranged and introduced by Richard Dawkins of the University of Oxford. Published first in March , it contains 83 writings on many topics from a diverse variety of authors, which range in length from one to eight pages.
Oxford University Press has published a new book, Retributivism: Essays on Theory and Policy, which contains a chapter penned by Jeffrie Murphy, ASU Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law Regents’ Professor of Law, Philosophy & Religious Studies.