About Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology Aims The Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology ISSN is an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides an advanced forum for the analysis of the structure, function, development, and evolution of the cells and tissues of the musculoskeletal system and associated disorders. Kinesiology is the study of human movement or physical activity related to many sub-disciplinary areas e. The application of basic morphological sciences can add new insights for 1 understanding and developing knowledge about movement in both normal and pathological conditions; 2 studying the mechanics of movement; 3 evaluating muscles, joints, and skeletal structures; 4 assessing relationships with other organs and functions, namely circulatory and respiratory function, within the broad field of internal medicine; 5 cachexia and sarcopenia, as well as body composition and its physiological and pathophysiological changes in response to different illnesses; and 6 clinical and experimental orthopaedics, including musculoskeletal medicine, sports medicine, locomotive syndrome, trauma, paediatrics, oncology and biomaterials, as well as basic research. Regarding the clinical translation of this knowledge, it is possible to increase the efficacies of practicing clinicians who work in the field of physical exercise and its therapeutic applications.
You can expect to see at least one or two questions in your PMP test on this topic. Do you recall how many times this scenario has happened to you? This situation may be okay for you because here you are the person who is planning, and executing the project and more importantly—you are the end user of the product and the one spending money on it.
But when it comes to professional life—it is a different case. Let us say that you are managing a project and some extra functions are added to the product, either knowingly or unknowingly, and these changes are not stated in the scope statement.
This is a bad practice and it is known as either scope creep or gold plating. Scope creep and gold plating both bring changes in the final product; however, the mechanism of these changes is different in each case.
Scope creep refers to the uncontrolled changes in scope due to either interference of the customer or due to a misunderstanding of the scope by the project team or the project manager. Scope creep happens in the project for following reasons: Interference from the client.
A poor change control system. Miss-communication among the team members. Reasons external to organizations; e. Scope creep is considered bad for the project health and it must be avoided in all cases.
Here, you make some changes without any proper review, which may create many problems in later stages. And then you will have to implement many other changes just to cover up the changes made in earlier stages. However, please bear in mind that if the scope is changed and the schedule and budget are also changed to reflect the change in scope, it cannot be called scope creep.
Scope creep occurs when the scope of product is changed and the project budget and schedule remain unchanged. Consequences of scope creep may include a delayed schedule and cost overrun. If you do not control the scope creep, then you may have problems with successfully completing your project, or in severe cases it may be terminated.
Example Suppose you are building a foot wall for the client, and client comes to the team and asks them to increase the length of wall by one foot.
Team members think there is a lot of material lying around on the site, and it will make no difference to them to build just one foot of the wall; therefore, they go ahead and add the extra length to the wall.
How to Avoid the Scope Creep Scope creep is something that can be avoided. You can avoid scope creep by following below given guidelines. Never allow changes without proper review and approval. Establish a communication channel between client and you.
Prepare a solid and complete scope statement. Establish a robust change control system. Establish and encourage good communication among the team members. If you follow the above guidelines, I believe that you will avoid many problems dealing with scope creep.
Gold Plating Gold plating means intentionally adding extra features or functions to the products which were not included in the scope statement.
Usually gold plating is performed by either the project team or the project manager with no additional cost to the client.
The scope statement is an agreement among the project team, the project sponsor and key stakeholders. It represents a common understanding of the project for the purpose of facilitating communication among the stakeholders and for setting authorities and limits for the project manager and team. Variable Scope A variable’s scope is the context in which the variable exists. The scope specifies from where you can access a variable and whether you have access to the variable in that context. In economics, general equilibrium theory attempts to explain the behavior of supply, demand, and prices in a whole economy with several or many interacting markets, by seeking to prove that the interaction of demand and supply will result in an overall general benjaminpohle.coml equilibrium theory contrasts to the theory of partial equilibrium, which only analyzes single markets.
Gold plating is done with good intentions and may be appreciated by the clients. However, there are many cases where it is not liked and the gold plating backfires because you are adding some features to the product which were not demanded by the client. This might be considered as an unauthorized change in the scope and the client can refuse to accept the product.
Gold plating is very common in software programming and is done by team members to show their abilities, or by the project manager to make the client happy.
Following are a few causes of gold plating: A team member may add extra functions to prove his abilities to the project manager. Project manager may add extra functions to earn credit from the client or the top management. Case Study 3 It was agreed upon by a board of top engineers that the basic design was sound and the suspension bridge had been constructed competently.
The project’s original plan and scope management may have been an appropriate one if .
Course 1 of 4 in the Specialization Introduction to Project Management Principles and Practices The courses in the Introduction to Project Management Principles and Practices Specialization are a recommended precursor to UCI's Applied Project Management Certificate.
Successful projects require.
Variable Scope A variable’s scope is the context in which the variable exists. The scope specifies from where you can access a variable and whether you have access to the variable in that context.
DIGITAL HEALTH is a peer-reviewed open access journal which provides universally accessible and digestible content to all stakeholders involved in the digital healthcare benjaminpohle.com provides a unique forum for dissemination of high quality content applicable to researchers, clinicians and allied health practitioners, patients, social scientists, industry and government.
Transcript of CIS WK 3 Case Study 1 - Building an Access Control Syste. CIS WK 3 Case Study 1 - Building an Access Control System Include a one-half page project scope statement. 2. Define five (5) major tasks, each with one to two () subtasks. Also write a brief description for. Draft Final Scope Modification of the Catalum SPDES Permit 1 March DRAFT FINAL SCOPE FOR THE MODIFICATION OF THE CATALUM SPDES PERMIT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT.