This image was created for netivist. Thanks Deciding the appropriate punishments for crimes is very difficult. We contrast two of the main theoretical approaches to punishment: Join our debate on the ethics and philosophy of punishment.
Utilitarianism and Kantianism "Retributivism" on Punishment a. Why ought we to punish people?
Utilitarianism thinks punishment in-itself is evil a. In-itself apart from consequencespunishment is an evil intrinsically evil b. Although its consequences can be good, and so it can be justified c. Why do utilitarians think punishment--considered in itself apart from further consequences--is an evil?
Retributivism sees punishment in-itself as good a. It is intrinsically good b.
Good even if nothing else good comes from it c. Why is punishment intrinsically good for retributivism? Treats people as they deserve to be treated ii. Justice requires it iii. Treats people with respect as autonomous agents, whose choices determine how others treat them a.
Retributivism increases, not decreases amount of suffering in the world b.
It advocates an increase rather than a decrease in suffering without any compensating gains c. Moves the world away from maximum happiness, not toward it a.
Justified only if the good results outweigh the evil involved b. Does it have good results? Does it stop more suffering than it inflicts c. Possible good results i.
Comfort and gratification to victims and their families ii. Is a particular punishment a deterrent? These two utilitarian goals of punishment deterrence and rehabilitation are in some tension i.
Can you explain why? Fails to respect persons and undermines human dignity b. Using people as a means to an end prevent crime c. This violates rights of autonomous persons 7.utilitarianism, retributivism, and denunciation-although denunciation tends to take a back seat to the first two frameworks.' 7 Some modem scholars have attempted to form theories of punishment.
Nov 08, · Traditionally, philosophers of punishment have contrasted retributivism with utilitarianism. For utilitarians, punishment is forward-looking, justified by a purported ability to achieve future.
Rachels, Ch Utilitarianism and Kantianism ("Retributivism") on Punishment 1. Questions: a. Why ought we to punish people? b. What are the reasons/justifications for punishment.
Deterrence in a Sea of Just Deserts: Are Utilitarian Goals Achievable in a World of Limiting Retributivism utilitarian goals of punishment are not sufficiently Part V describes why limiting retributivism's appeal to utilitarianism cannot succeed.
In doing so, it utilizes recent behavioral. Retributive justice is a theory of justice that holds that the best response to a crime is a punishment proportional to the offense, inflicted because the offender deserves the punishment. Prevention of future crimes (deterrence) or rehabilitation of the offender are not considered in determining such punishments.
Utilitarianism and retributivism are the two prevailing views in the philosophy of punishment (Brandt ). These theories provide different reasons for why governments punish citizens, different goals of.