You can help by adding to it. August In Western Europe in the late 19th century and early 20th century, passports and visas were not generally necessary for moving from one country to another. The relatively high speed and large movements of people traveling by train would have caused bottlenecks if regular passport controls had been used.
You can help by adding to it. August In Western Europe in the late 19th century and early 20th century, passports and visas were not generally necessary for moving from one country to another.
The relatively high speed and large movements of people traveling by train would have caused bottlenecks if regular passport controls had been used. In the modern world, visas have become separate secondary travel documents, with passports acting as the primary travel documents.
Conditions of issue[ edit ] Some visas can be granted on arrival or by prior application at the country's embassy or consulateor through a private visa service specialist who is specialized in the issuance of international travel documents.
These agencies are authorized by the foreign authority, embassy, or consulate to represent international travellers who are unable or unwilling to travel to the embassy and apply in person. Private visa and passport services collect an additional fee for verifying customer applications, supporting documents, and submitting them to the appropriate authority.
If there is no embassy or consulate in one's home country, then one would have to travel to a third country or apply by post and try to get a visa issued there.
Alternatively, in such cases visas may be pre-arranged for collection on arrival at the border. The need or absence of need of a visa generally depends on the citizenship of the applicant, the intended duration of the stay, and the activities that the applicant may wish to undertake in the country he visits; these may delineate different formal categories of visas, with different issue conditions.
Countries that issue visas or permits on arrival as a general rule for all arriving visitors Countries that issue visas or permits on arrival to a selected group of nationalities more than 10 The issuing authority, usually a branch of the country's foreign ministry or department e.
State Departmentand typically consular affairs officers, may request appropriate documentation from the applicant. This may include proof that the applicant is able to support himself in the host country lodging, foodproof that the person hosting the applicant in his or her home really exists and has sufficient room for hosting the applicant, proof that the applicant has obtained health and evacuation insurance, etc.
Some countries ask for proof of health status, especially for long-term visas; some countries deny such visas to persons with certain illnesses, such as AIDS. The exact conditions depend on the country and category of visa.
Notable examples of countries requiring HIV tests of long-term residents are Russia  and Uzbekistan. For example, Cuban citizens and international exchange students require such a test approved by a medical authority to enter Chilean territory. The issuing authority may also require applicants to attest that they have had no criminal convictions, or that they do not partake in certain activities like prostitution or drug trafficking.
Some countries will deny visas if the travellers' passports show evidence of citizenship of, or travel to, a country that is considered hostile by that country. For example, some Arabic-oriented countries will not issue visas to nationals of Israel and those whose passports bear evidence of visiting Israel.
Many countries frequently demand strong evidence of intent to return to the home country, if the visa is for a temporary stay, due to potential unwanted illegal immigration. Tourist entry visa to the People's Republic of China. Each country typically has a multitude of categories of visas with various names.
The most common types and names of visas include: Transit visas[ edit ] For passing through the country of issue to a destination outside that country. Validity of transit visas are usually limited by short terms such as several hours to ten days depending on the size of the country or the circumstances of a particular transit itinerary.
Airside transit visa, required by some countries for passing through their airports even without going through passport control. Crew member, steward or driver visa, issued to persons employed or trained on aircraft, vessels, trains, trucks, buses and any other means of international transportation, or ships fishing in international waters.
Short-stay or visitor visas[ edit ] For short visits to the visited country. Many countries differentiate between different reasons for these visits, such as: Private visa, for private visits by invitation from residents of the visited country.
Tourist visa, for a limited period of leisure travel, no business activities allowed. Visa for medical reasons, for undertaking diagnostics or a course of treatment in the visited country's hospitals or other medical facilities.
Business visa, for engaging in commerce in the country. These visas generally preclude permanent employmentfor which a work visa would be required. Working holiday visafor individuals traveling between nations offering a working holiday program, allowing young people to undertake temporary work while traveling.
Athletic or artistic visa, issued to athletes and performing artists and their supporting staff performing at competitions, concerts, shows and other events. Cultural exchange visa, usually issued to athletes and performing artists participating in a cultural exchange program.
Refugee visa, issued to persons fleeing the dangers of persecution, a war or a natural disaster. Such visas can usually be obtained relatively quickly and at low cost; those using them are usually permitted to travel only as a group, however.
The best example is Hajj visas for Saudi Arabia. Thailand launched its SMART Visa, targeted at high expertise foreigners and entrepreneurs to stay a longer time in Thailand, with online applications for the visa being planned for late Student visa F-1 in the United Stateswhich allows its holder to study at an institution of higher learning in the issuing country.
The F-2 visa allows the student's dependents to accompany them in the United States. Research visa, for students doing fieldwork in the host country.Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more.
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