Home How To Write Grant Proposals for Small Business When you fall into a protected class, such as a veteran, a disabled person or are a minority, several foundations and places provide grants for small businesses. Grant writing requires a special form of writing and must be geared to the style in which the grant documents are presented.
Link to PDF version of this advice What follows is a collection of advice for writing research grants to the National Science Foundation.
This document focuses on writing proposals to NSF, but the general advice can be applied to writing any proposal. General advice Always read the RFP request for proposal to find out what the funders want.
They will give you money only if you can help them reach their goals. The goals of funding agencies public and private vary dramatically. Even within an agency, the style of proposals can be different among internal divisions.
Find out about the format of writing a grant proposal, its goals, and its review system. All proposals should answer the following questions in one form or another. What is the problem being addressed? What is the goal of the research being proposed? What is the hypothesis being tested?
Why is the problem important and interesting? What will you DO to address the problem? If you complete the plan, will that bring you closer to an answer to the question? Do you have the resources equipment, graduate students, access to industry Writing NSF proposals NSF is organized a lot like a university, except that instead of departments and colleges it has divisions and directorates.
The Program Directors PDs, also equivalently called program managers and program officers are like professors and a lot of them are professors on leaves of absence. They have areas of specialization which correspond to the research areas covered by their programs.
The division directors are like department chairs. They oversee the broad research areas covered by the programs and deal with administrative issues. The Assistant Directors are like Deans of Colleges.
They lead the directorates and are responsible for the major research directions in Engineering, Physical Sciences, etc. The Director of NSF, who is like a university president or chancellor, is responsible for the overall direction of Science and Engineering Research.
This means that you may get to know a program director who may suddenly return to his or her university or may be reassigned to another program -- or that your program may be merged with a different program.
While this is disconcerting in the short run, in the long run it keeps programs from stagnating and helps NSF keep on the forefront of research areas.
Find out which program supports your research area. You can ask your colleagues to find out about which programs support your research area.
Find out if there are other people at NSF you should talk to and what special initiatives might apply to you. You can find the list of telephone numbers and e-mail addresses from the NSF web site http: Read the program announcements before you contact the PD so that your questions will be direct and specific.
The easiest way to get started is to send a brief email to the program director stating which program you are interested in applying to, a short statement of your relevant research interests, your availability by phone or email, and a one-page attachment that covers the first three questions above: Some PDs prefer e-mail; some prefer phone calls.
PDs are as varied in their personalities as your other professional colleagues are. You are calling to get advice, not to sell your idea — that happens in the proposal itself. Remember to say "thank you. Treat the PDs as if they are intelligent people even if you doubt it.
The PD will assign the reviewers and will make the final decision. This advice comes from a former NSF program director. Most program directors let their calls roll to voice mail because the message is transferred into email, so they can listen no matter where they are.
Also, if you are calling about a proposal or a grant, include the NSF proposal number so the PD has all the information at hand when returning your call. Also, oddly, the NSF phone system displays the caller ID when the call is in progress, but the number disappears after the call is over and, as far as I could tell, there is no way to get it back.
Leave a message if you want them to know that you called.OCJS Sample Grant Proposal Page 5. P r o j e c t D e s c r i p t i o n PROJECT DESCRIPTION The proposed project is comprised of several different, but related activities: A.
Physical Evaluation of the Officers The first component of this project is the physical examination of all Summerville P.D. 4 THE PURPOSE & IMPORTANCE OF A BUDGET A budget is a key element of most grant proposals and serves as a blueprint for spending the project’s funds.
A timeline in your grant application tells the grant reader when activities (also called process objectives) will begin and end during the grant’s funding period. What should my timeline include? What Is a Funding Proposal?
(with pictures) - wiseGEEK. The most comprehensive collection of grant samples may be the Foundation Center's Guide to Winning Proposals.
It has 35 grant proposals that were funded. Each sample includes a critique. The Foundation Center also has an online collection of sample grants, letter proposals, and letters of inquiry submitted by its users on the Sample Documents page of its website.
The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline.