The feudal states were not contiguous but rather were scattered at strategic locations surrounded by potentially dangerous and hostile lands. The fortified city of the feudal lord was often the only area that he controlled directly; the state and the city were therefore… Origins of the idea The terms feudalism and feudal system were generally applied to the early and central Middle Ages—the period from the 5th century, when central political authority in the Western empire disappeared, to the 12th century, when kingdoms began to emerge as effective centralized units of government.
As a result of central authority being unable to perform its functions and prevent the rise of local powers, this decentralized organization formed. It is believed by some historians that the system was first initiated in France by the Normans from the time they first settled there.
Many remarkable things were still accomplished during this Feudalism and western europe. For example, Monk Missionaries converted the Europeans and united Europe into Christendom, giving the region a common religion. This allowed for the Pope to become a political power.
Also, Charlemagne introduced the importance of education. This is significant because it provided Europe with a common language: Together, these two things began to re-civilize Europe.
Essentially, the people of Western Europe needed some form of a political system to defend themselves. The system literally accounted for all aspects of a society, aside from religion.
Firstly, the King was in complete control. He owned a large land mass and leased it to trustworthy men called Vassals. The catch was that they had to swear an oath to remain faithful to the King at all times. The Vassals were wealthy, powerful, and had complete control of their land, called a manor.
They had to provide lodging and food for the King and his court when they traveled around the country. They established their own system of justice, minted their own money, and set their own taxes. However, the Vassals had to serve on the royal council, pay rent, and provide the King with military service when he demanded it.
The Barons did this by leasing their land out to knights, who would fight for him, and thus, the king.
Although not as rich as the Vassals, Knights were quite wealthy. The Knights kept as much of the land as they wished for their own personal use and distributed the rest to serfs.
Serfs had to provide the Knight with free labor, food, and service whenever it was demanded. Serfs were the majority of people, and their lives were wretched. Feudalism was a social hierarchy, a political system, and an economic system, all in one. The beauty of the system is that it achieved self-sufficiency.
It was the giving up of freedom in exchange for protection. However, there was absolutely no mobility, no time for learning, and no intellectual advancements. Feudalism and the spread of Christianity In C.
His son, Charles Martel, took over after he died and formed an alliance with the Church which helped the Merovingian Dynasty and Christianity to expand into Germany. Pepin the Short succeeded him and strengthened the alliance between Benedictine missionaries and Frankish expansion.
Benedictine missionaries completed the conversion of England begun by St.
As Europe continued to flourish, so did its social structure. Feudalism worked by knitting everyone together; when one man gave land (often known as a fief) to another, there was a promise for loyalty during later benjaminpohle.com example, a monarch (usually a king) would own all of the land in his kingdom and often grant some of it to lesser nobles. These lords and ladies would supply knights and. The hierarchy was an important system of order and caste that provided the people of the High Middle Ages with protection and safety. It was crucial to this times because it established a stable social order with respect and duty for those in higher place. Although Japan and Europe did not have any direct contact with one another during the medieval and early modern periods, they independently developed very similar class systems, known as feudalism. Feudalism was more than gallant knights and heroic samurai, it was a way of life of extreme inequality.
Also, Irish monks established early-medieval art. The greatest surviving creation of these monks is the Book of Kells, a Gospel book of decorative art. Its demise was triggered by the Crusades because the Crusades called for people to leave their homes and fight.
Since Feudalism was based on non-movement, it collapsed. Knights, soldiers, peasants, and pilgrims left their homes and migrated along European roads and trails, bringing back with them stories of differing cultures. They began to implement their architecture and advances in medicine.
Feudalism and the Catholic Church The only force that was powerful enough to unite an extremely disorganized group of people was the Roman Catholic Church. For the time being, religion was very important. From birth to death, whether one was a peasant, a serf, a noble, a lord, or a King, life was all about church.
Various religious institutions became important, rich, and powerful.
This is because life sucked during the Middle Ages.Comparing Japanese and Western European Feudalism Feudalism, beginning in Western Europe and later appearing in Japan, is the system of government in which nobles have certain owed loyalties to the king, in return for grants of land which are run by the serfs.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour. Although Japan and Europe did not have any direct contact with one another during the medieval and early modern periods, they independently developed very similar class systems, known as feudalism.
Feudalism was more than gallant knights and heroic samurai, it was a way of life of extreme inequality. In these ways, while elements of feudalism continued in many parts of western Europe right up to the 18th and 19th centuries, the feudal system as a whole, with its hierarchy of fiefs and lords and vassals, had died out by the end of the 16th century.
Start studying Feudalism in Western Europe. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Feudalism, also called feudal system or feudality, French féodalité, historiographic construct designating the social, economic, and political conditions in western Europe during the early Middle Ages, the long stretch of time between the 5th and 12th centuries.