Links to Clean Air Act text and summaries Introduction Congress established much of the basic structure of the Clean Air Act inand made major revisions in and Dense, visible smog in many of the nation's cities and industrial centers helped to prompt passage of the legislation at the height of the national environmental movement. The subsequent revisions were designed to improve its effectiveness and to target newly recognized air pollution problems such as acid rain and damage to the stratospheric ozone layer. This page provides a brief introduction to the Clean Air Act, links to more detailed information on the law's requirements, and links to information on its history.
The formative era s—s [ edit ] The Continental Congresses[ edit ] The Second Continental Congress voted for independence in Although one can trace the history of the Congress of the United States to the First Continental Congresswhich met in the autumn of the true antecedent of the United States Congress was the Second Continental Congress.
The Second Continental Congress was convened on May 10, with twelve colonies in attendance. A year later, on July 4,the Continental Congress declared the thirteen colonies free and independent states, referring to them as the "United States of America. One common term for patriot was "Congress Man"—a supporter of Congress against the King.
There was no chief executive or president beforeso Congress governed the United States.
The Library of Congress > Teachers > Classroom Materials > Presentations and Activities > Immigration Introduction Mexicans entering the United States. Find out more about the history of Constitution, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. The Constitution of the United States established America’s. Image 22 of Abridged history of the United States; XV INTRODUCTION. armies, & c., and to show the locations of cities and battle¬ fields. The best of all plans in this respect is, for pupils to draw for themselves, on slates.
Articles of Confederation[ edit ] The Articles of Confederation was written inand came into effect in This established a weak central government, with only a unicameral body, in which each state was equally represented and each had a veto over most actions. There was no executive or judicial branch.
This congress was given limited authority over foreign affairs and military matters, but not to collect taxes, regulate interstate commerceor enforce laws. Congress was in session in the state house from November 26,to June 3,and it was in Annapolis on December 23,that General Washington resigned his commission as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
For the Congress, the Governor of Maryland commissioned, John Shaw, a local cabinet maker, to create an American flag. The blue field extends over the entire height of the hoist. Shaw created two versions of the flag: Ina convention, to which delegates from all the states of the Union were invited, was called to meet in Annapolis to consider measures for the better regulation of commerce; but delegates came from only five states New York, PennsylvaniaVirginiaNew Jerseyand Delawareand the convention, known afterward as the " Annapolis Convention ", without proceeding to the business for which it had met, passed a resolution calling for another convention to meet at Philadelphia in the following year to amend the Articles of Confederation.
The Philadelphia convention drafted and approved the Constitution of the United States, which is still in force. Instead, the Articles were scrapped entirely and a new Constitution was drafted.
One of the most divisive issues facing the Convention was the way which structure of Congress would be defined. The practice of having "two-house" bicameral legislatures bicameral from the Latin camera meaning chamber was well established in state governments by The smaller states, however, favored the New Jersey Planwhich had a unicameral Congress with equal representation for the states.
|Clean Air Act Overview||Mexicans entering the United States. Mexican immigrants, along with their Mexican American descendants, occupy a unique place in the story of U.|
|Timeline | U.S. Copyright Office||An Introduction" developed by the National Congress of American Indians seeks to provide a basic overview of the history and underlying principles of tribal governance. The guide also provides introductory information about tribal governments and American Indian and Alaska Native people today.|
|About the USA > History > Introduction||Visit Website Did you know? George Washington was initially reluctant to attend the Constitutional Convention.|
|History of the United States Congress - Wikipedia||Visit Website Did you know? The recent decline in immigration coincided with the economic downturn in the U.|
|Rum stood for the liquor interests and the tavernkeepers, in contrast to the GOP, which had a strong dry element. Demographic trends aided the Democrats, as the German and Irish Catholic immigrants were Democrats and outnumbered the English and Scandinavian Republicans.|
Generally, the Constitution gave more powers to the federal government, such as regulating interstate commerce   [ citation needed ], managing foreign affairs and the military, and establishing a national currency.
These were seen as essential for the success of the new nation and to resolve the disputes that had arisen under the Articles of Confederation, but the states retained sovereignty over other affairs. To preserve further the authority of the states, the compromise proposed that state legislatures, rather than the people, would elect senators.
The Constitution was ratified by the end ofand its full implementation was set for March 4, The Constitution remained the main issue for Americans until the elections, consisting of a battle between the U.
After the first Congressional and Presidential elections took place inthe Federalists had control over US Congress. President unanimously in as well, and John Adams- an actual Federalist who was also elected United States President in was elected Vice President President of the Senate on the Federalist ticket with Washington as well.
Nineteenth century[ edit ] Henry Clay wielded great influence in the early Congress. The early 19th century was marked by frequent clashes between the House of Representatives and the Senate. One highly partisan justice, Samuel Chasehad irked president Jefferson by highly charged partisan attacks on his character, calling him a "Jacobin".
Jefferson, after becoming president, urged Congress to impeach Chase.
The congressional action had the effect of chastening the Supreme Court whose members, from that point on, generally, refrained from open character attacks on members of Congress and the president, and limited their criticisms to the judicial aspects of congressional and presidential decisions.
Chase was the only Supreme Court justice impeached by Congress. A careful numerical balance between the free North and the slave holding South existed in the Senate, as the numbers of free and slave states was kept equal by a series of compromises, such as the Missouri Compromise of That broke down in when California was admitted as a free state, but the Compromise of postponed a showdown.
The partisan era s—s [ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.The history of the United States is the story of many different peoples who together compose the United States of America. Since the first Europeans arrived in , millions of people from many different countries have entered the United States and made the country their new home.
The Library of Congress > Teachers > Classroom Materials > Presentations and Activities > Immigration Introduction Mexicans entering the United States. Image 10 of History of the United States.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year , by the STATE OF CALIFORNIA, In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. l. So much about the new United States was new—a democracy in a world full of monarchies, an elected president instead of a king, a people who had claimed the rights and responsibilities of citizens, to name just a few—that it should be no surprise that the location of a capital city would be.
The introduction of the United States Constitution is called the Preamble. This introduction is just one sentence long, but it has been referred to in many judicial opinions and speeches.
The Preamble of the Constitution explains why the document was written. Experts from the National Archives say. The guide "Tribal Nations and the United States: An Introduction" developed by the National Congress of American Indians seeks to provide a basic overview of the .