Korea and Ryukyu Okinawa had diplomatic relations with Japan, while Chinese and Dutch merchants were allowed to trade with Japan. All other transactions were strictly prohibited.
Those men were motivated by growing domestic problems and by the threat of foreign encroachment. The Meiji emperor proclaiming the Meiji Constitution in That was followed, after the end of the fighting, by the dismantling of the old feudal regime.
The administrative reorganization had been largely accomplished bywhen the domains were officially abolished and replaced by a prefecture system that has remained in place to the present day. All feudal class privileges were abolished as well. Also in a national army was formed, which was further strengthened two years later by a universal conscription law.
In addition, the new government carried out policies to unify the monetary and tax systems, with the agricultural tax reform of providing its primary source of revenue. Another reform was the introduction in of universal education in the country, which initially put emphasis on Western learning.
The revolutionary changes carried out by restoration leaders, who acted in the name of the emperor, faced increasing opposition by the mids. Those uprisings were repressed only with great difficulty by the newly formed army.
Peasants, distrustful of the new regime and dissatisfied with its agrarian policies, also took part in revolts that reached their peak in the s. National Diet Library At the same time, a growing popular rights movement, encouraged by the introduction of liberal Western ideas, called for the creation of a constitutional government and wider participation through deliberative assemblies.
Responding to those pressures, the government issued a statement in promising a constitution by In a cabinet system was formed, and in work on the constitution began.
Finally in the Meiji Constitutionpresented as a gift from the emperor to the people, was officially promulgated. It established a bicameral parliament, called the Diet —in full Imperial Diet Teikoku Gikai —to be elected through a limited voting franchise.
The first Diet was convened the following year, Accomplishments Economic and social changes paralleled the political transformation of the Meiji period.
Although the economy still depended on agriculture, industrialization was the primary goal of the government, which directed the development of strategic industries, transportation, and communications.
The first railroad was built inand by the country had more than 1, miles 2, km of rail. Telegraph lines linked all major cities by Private firms were also encouraged by government financial support and aided by the institution of a European-style banking system in National Diet Library Wholesale Westernization was somewhat checked in the s, however, when a renewed appreciation of traditional Japanese values emerged.
Such was the case in the development of a modern educational system that, though influenced by Western theory and practice, stressed the traditional values of samurai loyalty and social harmony.
The same tendency prevailed in art and literature, where Western styles were first imitated, and then a more-selective blending of Western and Japanese tastes was achieved.
By the early 20th century, the goals of the Meiji Restoration had been largely accomplished. Japan was well on its way to becoming a modern industrialized country.
The unequal treaties that had granted foreign powers judicial and economic privileges through extraterritoriality were revised inand with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance of and its victory in two wars over China in —95 and Russia in —05Japan gained respect in the eyes of the Western world, appearing for the first time on the international scene as a major world power.Japan during the Meiji Restoration was similar to Japan after World War II in that during these periods Japan 1.
pursued a foreign policy of isolationism and limited political freedoms 2. reduced the powers of the Emperor and the nobility.
Vol.7, No.3, May, Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Three-dimensional Convective Equation (Itaru .
The modernization of the Japanese army and navy during the Meiji period (–) and until the Mukden Incident () was carried out by the newly founded national government, a military leadership that was only responsible to the Emperor, and with the help of France, Britain, and later Germany. The remainder of this appendix is devoted to introducing the reader to the vast literature on quantitative analysis of Japan’s economic development from the s until , a nine decade period during which Japanese income per capita converged towards income per capita levels in Western Europe.
Events Exhibition: Cycle of Life — Awakening: Works by Asian Women Artists January 23 – May 15, Center for Chinese Studies, Center for Korean Studies, Institute of East Asian Studies. during the early Meiji Period, enabled Japan to propel the economy on the road to modern economic growth over a period of about twenty years starting from the mid- s.
2 By , Japan was ready to expand its empire in a larger scale since Japan.