He said and did enough to step on most of our toes and perhaps inspire us with his infectious personality and deep humility. There have been many responses, both positive and critical, but in this piece Martin Marty asks not how he was received, but the consequences in the aftermath.
Biography[ edit ] Early life and education[ edit ] David Hume was the second of two sons born to Joseph Home of Ninewellsan advocate, and his wife The Hon. Throughout his life Hume, who never married, spent time occasionally at his family home at Ninewells in Berwickshirewhich had belonged to his family since the sixteenth century.
His finances as a young man were very "slender". His family was not rich, and, as a younger son, he had little patrimony to live on. He was therefore forced to make a living somehow.
At first, because of his family, he considered a career in lawbut came to have, in his words, "an insurmountable aversion to everything but the pursuits of Philosophy and general Learning; and while [my family] fanceyed I was poring over Voet and VinniusCicero and Virgil were the Authors which I was secretly devouring".
Due to this inspiration, Hume set out to spend a minimum of ten years reading and writing. He soon came to the verge of a mental breakdownsuffering from what a doctor diagnosed as the "Disease of the Learned".
Hume wrote that it started with a coldness, which he A passion for equality henry david to a "Laziness of Temper", that lasted about nine months. Later, some scurvy spots broke out on his fingers. Hume wrote that he "went under a Course of Bitters and Anti-Hysteric Pills", taken along with a pint of claret every day.
Hume also decided to have a more active life to better continue his learning. Career[ edit ] At 25 years of age, Hume, although of noble ancestry, had no source of income and no learned profession.
Hume described his "love for literary fame" as his "ruling passion"  and judged his two late works, the so-called "first" and "second" enquiries, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Moralsrespectively, as his greatest literary and philosophical achievements,  asking his contemporaries to judge him on the merits of the later texts alone, rather than the more radical formulations of his early, youthful work, dismissing his philosophical debut as juvenilia: Hume was just 23 years old when he started this work and it is now regarded as one of the most important in the history of Western philosophy.
However, the position was given to William Cleghorn  after Edinburgh ministers petitioned the town council not to appoint Hume because he was seen as an atheist. However, it was then that Hume started his great historical work The History of England. This took him fifteen years and ran to over a million words.
During this time he was also involved with the Canongate Theatre through his friend John Homea preacher. Often called the First Enquiry, it proved little more successful than the Treatise, perhaps because of the publishing of his short autobiography, My Own Life, which "made friends difficult for the first Enquiry".
It was necessary in the s for his friends to avert a trial against him on the charge of heresy. However, he "would not have come and could not be forced to attend if he said he was not a member of the Established Church".
He had published the Philosophical Essays by this time which were decidedly anti-religious.
Even Adam Smithhis personal friend who had vacated the Glasgow philosophy chair, was against his appointment out of concern public opinion would be against it. In the following year "the Faculty of Advocates chose me their Librarian, an office from which I received little or no emolument, but which gave me the command of a large library".
Once in England, Hume and Rousseau fell out. Here he wrote that he was given "all the secrets of the Kingdom". Anyone hankering for startling revelations or amusing anecdotes had better look elsewhere. Hume told him he sincerely believed it a "most unreasonable fancy" that there might be life after death.
In his will he requests that it be inscribed only with his name and the year of his birth and death, "leaving it to Posterity to add the Rest".
Get into the boat this instant". According to the logical positivists, unless a statement could be verified by experience, or else was true or false by definition i.
Hume thought that we can form beliefs about that which extends beyond any possible experience, through the operation of faculties such as custom and the imagination, but he was sceptical about claims to knowledge on this basis.
For example, experiencing the painful sensation of touching the handle of a hot pan is more forceful than simply thinking about touching a hot pan. Similarly, a person experiences a variety of taste-sensations, tactile-sensations, and smell-sensations when biting into an apple, with the overall sensation again being a complex impression.
Thinking about an apple allows a person to form complex ideas, which are made of similar parts as the complex impressions they were developed from, but which are also less forceful. Hume believes that complex perceptions can be broken down into smaller and smaller parts until perceptions are reached that have no parts of their own, and these perceptions are thereby referred to as being simple.
For example, a person looking at an illustration of a flower can conceive of an idea of the physical flower because the idea of the illustrated object is associated with the idea of the physical object.David Hume (/ h juː m /; born David Home; 7 May NS (26 April OS) – 25 August ) was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.
― Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience and Other Essays. tags: society. 7 likes. Like “The objections which have been brought against a standing army, and they are many and weighty, and deserve to prevail, may also at last be brought against a standing government.”.
quotes from Henry David Thoreau: 'I learned this, at least, by my experiment: that if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours.', 'Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth.', and 'How vain it is to sit down to write when you have not stood up to live.'.
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David Levering Lewis is the Martin Luther King Professor of History at Rutgers University and was recently awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of Race, received the Bancroft, Parkman, and Pulitzer prizes, and was a finalist for the National Book Award and National Book Critics Circle Award.
There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.